**(i).** There is a group of five persons – A, B, C, D and E.**(ii).** One of them is a horticulturist, one is a physicist, one is a journalist, one is an industrialist and one is an advocated.**(iii).** Three of them – A, C and advocate prefer tea to coffee and two of them – B and the journalist prefer coffee to tea.**(iv).** The industrialist and D and A are friend to one another but two of these prefer coffee to tea.**(v).** The horticulturist is C`s brother.

**Which of the statements above** **is superfluous ?**

** Option:**

**A.**(iii)

**B.**(iv)

**C.**(ii)

**D.**(v)

**E.**Nil

**Answer: E . Nil**

** Justification:**

A prefers tea. So, from (iv), the industrialist and D prefer coffee. But, from (iii), B and the journalist prefer coffee. So, B is the industrialist and D is the journalist.

Now, A, C and advocate remain. Clearly, E is the advocate.

The horticulturist is C's brother. It can be only A. C is a physicist.

A | B | C | D | E | |

Profession | Horticulturist | Industrialist | Physicist | Journalist | Advocate |

Profession | Tea | Coffee | Tea | Coffee |
Tea |

**Since all the statements are required to analyse the given data, none of them is superfluous.**