In such type of questions, clues are given regarding comparisons among a set of persons or things with respect to one or more qualities. The candidate is required to analyse the whole information, form a proper ascending / descending sequence and then answer the given questions accordingly.
In an examination, Raj got more marks than Mukesh but not as many as Priya.
Priya get more marks than Gaurav and Kavita.
Gaurav got less marks than Mukesh but his marks are not the lowest in the group.
Who is second in the descending order of marks ?
In terms of marks obtained,
Mukesh < Raj, Raj < Priya, Gaurav < Priya, Kavita < Priya, Gaurav < Mukesh.
Since Gaurav's marks are not the lowest, so Kavita's marks are the lowest.
So, the sequence becomes :
Kavita < Gaurav < Mukesh < Raj < Priya.
Clearly, in the descending order, Raj comes second.